LOWBROW (art movement)

Lowbrow, or lowbrow art, describes an American underground visual art movement that arose in the Los Angeles, California, area in the late 1970s. Lowbrow is a widespread populist art movement with origins in the underground comix world, punk music, street culture, and other California subcultures. It is also often known by the name pop surrealism.

Lowbrow vs. “fine” art

Museums, art critics, mainstream galleries, etc., have been uncertain as to the status of lowbrow in relation to the fine art world, and to date it has been largely excluded – although this has not stopped some collectors from buying the works. Some art critics doubt that lowbrow is a “legitimate” art movement, and there is thus very little scholarly critical writing about it. The standard argument of critics is that critical writing arises naturally from within an art movement first, and then a wider circle of critics draws upon this writing to inform their own criticism. This apparent absence of internal critical writing may be because many lowbrow artists began their careers in fields not normally considered fine art, such as illustration, tattooing and comic books. Many lowbrow artists are self-taught, which further alienates them from the world of museum curators and art schools.

Many in the art world have deeper difficulties with lowbrow’s figurative focus, its cultivation of narrative, and its strong valuing of technical skill. All these aspects of art were deeply disparaged in the art schools and by curators and critics throughout the 1980s and 90s.

However, a number of artists who started their careers by showing in lowbrow galleries have gone on to show their work primarily in mainstream fine art galleries. Mark Ryden (from his ‘Tree Show’ exhibition]), Robert Williams, Manuel Ocampo, Georganne Deen, and the Clayton Brothers are examples.

Echoes of lowbrow’s approach can be found in the art history of the 20th century, beginning with the work of the Dadaists and the leading proponents of the American Regionalism movement (artists like Marcel Duchamp and Thomas Hart Benton) in which such art movements have questioned the distinctions between high and low art, fine art and folk art, and popular culture and high-art culture. In some sense lowbrow art is about exploring and critiquing those distinctions, and it thus shares similarities with the pop art of the 1960s and early 70s. One can also note that just as the lowbrow artists play in the blurred (or perhaps evaporated) boundaries between high and low culture, other more “mainstream” contemporary artists use artistic strategies similar to those employed by lowbrow artists. Examples include: Lisa Yuskavage, Kelly D. Williams, Kenny Scharf, Takashi Murakami, Jim Shaw, John Currin, Mike Kelley, and the San Francisco-based Mission School, which includes Barry McGee and Margaret Kilgallen.

Lowbrow artists

Some well-known lowbrow artists include:

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MY SHORT BIO – MY TASTES

os meus gostos

 

WARNING : I’m just an addict … addicted to music.
There are people who are born to make music, others are born to hearing. Whenever was part of this second group. Maybe it’s a habit, I gotta use, even if it ‘s rock, jazz or the quiet storm.

This contains some of the thousands of images I have collected over time …

Great pictures of the things I love – music, painting, books,photography, architecture, design, women, and more.

I love music more than lasagna. Better to burn out than fade away.

My love for music is intense, and my curiosity for the new.

As I am not an expert in anything, I know a little of everything and a bit of nothing, taste exceeds my difficulties.

All died without knowing that we were born.
The older you get, the better life gets. But time also seems to be accelerating, the clock running too fast.
So, looking at those early days, everything is very slow, stretched, and great significance. The most recent time, I spent busy with simple things.
People think rock and roll is only about teenage rebellion, but why can not exist old rebel too?

THE RESIDENTS is my Biggest Addiction, and MINIMAL COMPACT, OLD TIME RELIJUN-ARRINGTON DIONYSO, R. STEVIE MOORE, THE RED KRAYOLA, SHRIMP BOAT, SMEGMA, THE FIBONACCIS,THE SUN CITY GIRLS, LEGENDARY PINK DOTS, FRANK ZAPPA, CAPTAIN BEEFHEART,THE VELVET UNDERGROUND, THE MODERN LOVERS, CAN, FAUST, DAVID BOWIE…

Other musical priorities are: HENRY FLYNT, THE FEELIES, PERE UBU, THE CLASH, JOY DIVISION, AND ALSO THE TREES, WEEN, MINIMAL COMPACT, WALL OF VOODOO, CERTAIN GENERAL, THE GO-BETWEENS, BILL CALLAHAN-SMOG, SNAKEFINGER, MILES DAVIS, SUN RA, ROBERT WYATT, KRAFTWERK, ANAL MAGIC & REV. DWIGHT FRIZZELL, MICHAEL YONKERS, JANDEK, RICHARD DAWSON, JOHN BENDER, ROBERT WYATT, JOHN WILKES BOOZE, KEVIN COYNE, DAEVID ALLEN, MOONDOG, THE WORK, RAYMOND SCOTT, SLAPPY, HAPPY, ART BEARS, NAKED CITY, HENRY COW, BONGWATER+MARK KRAMER, SHAWN LEE, CLUTCHY HOPKINS, SHOCKABILLY, EUGENE CHADBOURNE, ESKIMO, MAC DeMARCO, AARON FREEMAN, WOVEN HAND, 16 HORSEPOWER, DAVID EUGENE EDWARDS, SHELLAC, MINUTEMEN, MISSION OF BURMA, FUGAZI, BLURT, GLAXO BABIES, THIS HEAT, THE SEA AND CAKE, SAVAGE REPUBLIC, TUXEDO MOON, XTC, SLINT-PAPA M-DAVID PAJO, LUNGFISH, GABOR SZABO,GERMAN SHEPHERDS, SUICIDE, MAN MAN, THINKING FELLERS UNION LOCAL 282, THE BOOK OF KNOTS, THE EX, LOUNGE LIZARDS-JOHN LURIE, ANTON FIER-GOLDEN PALOMINOS, DANIEL SMITH-DANIELSON FAMILE, TOMAHWAK, FANTOMAS, MR. BUNGLE, MIKE PATTON, SUICIDE, STEREOLAB, SPACEMEN 3, CHROME, PRIMUS-LES CLAYPOOL, SWELL MAPS, SILVER APPES, SWELL, MORPHINE, TELEVISION, HAWKWIND, DEVO, FLYING LIZARDS, RALPH CARNEY, SLEEPYTIME GORILLA MUSEUM, MX-80 SOUND, DAMIEN JURADO, DAVID DONDERO, CHAD VANGAALEN, LONG FIN KILLIE, MAGIC TRICK-TIN COHEN, CHRIS COHEN, DAVID BAZAN, VAMPIRE RODENTS, JON WAYNE, U.S, MAPLE, PRAM, LOW, BEACH HOUSE, THE OLIVIA TREMOR CONTROL, PAVEMENT, PATTI SMITH, DONALD FAGEN, WALTER BECKER, FUGS, PEARLS BEFORE SWINE-TOM RAP, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA-JOSEPH BYRD, FAMILY, GODZ, BONZO DOG DOO DAH BAND, PENTANGLE, THE INCREDIBLE STRING BAND, SLOVENLY, CHEER- ACCIDENT, BUTHOLE SURFERS, TARWATER, COIL, THROBBING GRISTLE, JURYMAN AKA IAN SIMMONDS AKA WISE IN TIME+ SANDALS, COLLEEN, ZERO 7, ZOOGZ RIFT, STUMP, RENALDO AND LOAF, THE BOOKS, NEW THRILL PARADE, NEW WET KOJAK, DAVID KILGOUR, THE BATS, THE CLEAN, THE PIN GROUP, CRIME CITY SOLUTION, ROWLAND S. HOWARD, TOM WAITS, VIC CHESNUTT, JOE HENRY, ALEJANDRO ESCOVEDO, THE TAPE BEATLES, THE GUN CLUB, THE DENGUE FEVER, THE PAPER CHASE, THE FIERY FURNACES, THE MICROPHONES- PHIL ELVRUM, GARY WAR, RAILROAD JERK, KARL BLACK- SOCK HEADDED PETERS- LEMON KITTENS, THE MUSIC TAPES,THE SHAGGS, BOBB TRIMBLE, ALTERNATIVE TV, FISH AND ROSES, DIABLO SWING ORCHESTRA, POP D`ELL ARTE, MLER IF DADA, HEROIS DO MAR, TOM ZÉ, WALTER FRANCO, OS MUTANTES, CAETANO VELOSO, MILTON NASCIMENTO, ARNALDO ANTUNES, VINICIUS CANTUARIA, JORGE BEN, CAZUZA, CEREBRO ELECTRONICO, CORDEL DE FOGO ENCANTADO, ROGERIO SKYLAB, OTTO, MOMBOJÓ,CRIOLO, MAX CASTRO, ROMULO FROES, WADO,ORQUESTRA IMPERIAL, LENINE,APANHADOR SÓ, MUNDO LIVRE SA, NAÇÃO ZUMBI, ALÇEU VALENÇA, ANT- BEE, BILL FAY, RON SEXSMITH, EL GUAPO, DAVID GRUBS, TORTOISE, SAM PREKOP, GASTR DEL SOL, HENRY KAISER, HOME & GARDEN, BOB DRAKE, MY DEAD IS DEAD, AKRON FAMILY, SWANS, THESE IMMORTAL SOULS, UNREST WORK & PLAY, THE TAPE BEATLES, SWOLLEN MONKEYS (Ralph Carney) LIARS, TIM HUEY, TRACHTENBURG FAMILY, THE TRIFFIDS, THE CRUEL SEA, THE MEKONS, THE METOD ACTORS, THE MISTAKES, THE MOUNTAIN GOATS, THE NEW CREATION, BRUCE HAACK, LOREN MAZZACANE CONNORS, GLEN BRANCA, ALBERT MARCOEUR, LOS ANGELES FREE MUSIC SOCIETY, SHELLEY HIRSCH, NEW YORK GONG, GONG, THE POLYPHONIC SPREE, LYDIA LUNCH, LOVE, LUCIA PAMELA, SAFETY SCISSORS, RICHARD HELL & VOIDOIDS, SACCHARINE TRUST, ADAM FORKNER of [[[[VVRSSNN]]]]+ YUME BITSU, ROY MONTGOMERY, RUN ON, LOVELY LITTLE GIRLS, SAFETY SCISSORS, BRIDE OF NO NO, TONE DOGS, TREAT HER RIGHT, TRIPOD JIMMIE, LIFTER PULLER, THEY MIGHT BY GIANTS, GANG OF FOUR, THE POP GROUP, ORANGE JUICE, RAIN PARADE,THE RENDERS, SOUL COUGHING-MIKE DOUGHTY, MAZARIN, KARATE-GEOFF FARINA, SECRET STARS, THE CHURCH, YUNG WU, WAKE OOLOO, SPEED THE PLOUGH, DRIVE BY TRUCKERS, CAMPER VAN BEETHOVEN, MARTIN NEWELL, ERLAND and The CARNIVAL, CRIPPLED BLACK PHOENIX, CALIFONE, RED RED MEAT, LOW,THE BLACK HEART PROCESSION, THE NOTWIST, QUICKSPACE, THE COMSAT ANGELS, CLOUD CULT, EZRA FURMAN and THE HARPOONS, EFF BARZELAY, BORN RUFIANS, FERGUS & GERONIMO, CHAIN AND THE GANG-IAN SEVENONIOUS+ WEIRD WAR+ THE MAKE UP, MOONFACE, DESTROYER, DEAN BLUNT, THREE MILE PILOT, LIFE WITHOUT BUILDINGS, PINBACK, ARIEL PINK, MAGIC HOUR, MAJOR STARS, MAPS & ATLASES, MEGAFAUN, MENOMENA, LOWER DENS, TAME IMPALA, AMPS FOR CHRIST, ARBOURETUM, BROADCAST, TRUE WIDOW, NANA GRIZOL, TIMBER TIMBRE, BLANK DOGS, FROG EYES, JOAN OF ARC, BLACKOUT BEACH, DIRTY BEACHES, PURE X, THE IMPOSSIBLE SHAPES, THE LOVE EVERYTHING, THE MAE SHI, DEAD SKELETONS, THE SHIPPING NEWS, GIRLS AGAINTS BOYS, LES SAVY FAV, SILKWORM, DIANOGAH, 31 KNOTS, 90 DAY MEN, 17 PYGMIES, SHRIEKBACK, ARTHUR RUSSEL, IDIOT GLEE, HIM, HAIL, SUSANNE LEWIS+ KISSYFUR, SUN KILL MOON, AMEN DUNES, THE EVENS, GIRLPOOL, PALE BLUE, MILKE LINES, JON LEMMON, OUGHT, FRED THOMAS, SUFJAN STEVENS, THE GROWLERS, TREMBLING BELLS, GORKY´S ZYGOTIC MINCY+EUROS CHILDS, CATE LE BOON + DRINKS, GRUFF RHYS, INCA SILVER, CHELSEA WOLFE, ANNA VON HAUSSWOLFF, GWENNO, ZOLA JESUS, JOANNA NEWSON, JULIA HOLTER, MARIA MINERVA, IBEYI, MIREL WAGNER, JENNY HVAL, JESSICA PRATT, LAURA MARLING, CIRCUIT DES YEUX, GROUPER, BENJAMIN CLEMENTINE, AUSTRA, MAJICAL CLOUDZ, C. DUNKAN, BAIN WOLFKIND, BENOIT PIOULARD, ARTHUR RUSSELL, ARTHURS LANDING, DINOSAUR L, SWELL, SKELETON CREW, SECRET CHIEFS 3, SIGLO XX, RICHARD YOUNGS, CHUCK PROPHET, CAT STEVENS, JIM WHITE, NHOP, GABOR SZABO, JOE PASS, GRANT GREEN, HERB ELLIS, WES MONTGOMERY,

E gosto de viajar, andar de bicicleta, de comboios, de animais…. não gosto de pessoas superficiais… sem cultura.
Gosto de dança, de arte o que quer que isso seja!..
Não gosto da monotonia. Gosto de criticar no sentido positivo.
Não gosto de sonhar em ficar rico.
Gosto do “Vive cada dia como se fosse o último “.
Não gosto de despedidas.
Gosto de pormenores.
Gosto de perfumes.
Não gosto de mentir nem que me mintam, não suporto hipócritas.Gosto do mar.
Não gosto de quem não acredita em nada e não se importa com nada e tem a profundidade de uma colher…
Gosto de viajar, gosto de ajudar e de saber que pude ser útil a alguém em qualquer coisa.
Não gosto da efemeridade da vida e da constante lembrança da proximidade da morte.
Não gosto de não perceber.
Não gosto de atrasos e de quem não é capaz de cumprir as suas promessas, não gosto de quem volta atrás com a sua palavra e ainda menos que voltem atrás comigo.
Não gosto da cusquice.
Gosto de amigos e da camaradagem, não gosto das” amizades “que se perdem por coisas que no final das contas não significam nada…
Gosto de palavras e de conversas sem fim… Gosto de pessoas originais, com humor,com ideias próprias… e com classe.
Não gosto de carinho quando estou nervoso.
Gosto do campo.
Não gosto de seguir a onda.
Gosto de coisas pouco claras, mas bem esclarecidas.
Gosto de dominar.
Não gosto de brincar com os sentimentos dos outros.
Gosto de toques e de trocas de olhar, de demonstrações de carinho e de cenas sensuais.
Não gosto de ficar bêbado até dizer a verdade.
Gosto da grandeza das coisas simples, e gosto de coisas complicadas mas não gosto de complicações…
O comum não me atrai, gosto normalmente de coisas que passam despercebidas…
Gosto de gostar e de não gostar de tudo isto e muito mais…

BILL ORCUT

Provavelmente o mais influente dos guitarristas que contribuíram para o avanço no vocabulário do blues e do rock, a partir do início da década de 1990, Bill Orcutt, depois de um hiato de uma dúzia de anos, lançou no final de 2009 um documento chave para a progressão das possibilidades do instrumento, o LP a solo A New Way To Pay Old Debts, editado pela Palilalia Records.
Mestre da guitarra eléctrica, Orcutt fundou em Miami juntamente com Adris Hoyos (bateria e voz) os Harry Pussy (1992-1997)
, duo (e mais tarde trio) explosivo que aglutinava o rock, ao punk hardcore,  e free jazz, a um conhecimento rico da história das margens e raízes destas músicas, a que mais tarde se juntaram, como segundo guitarrista, Mark Feehan, substituído no final de 1996 por Dan Hosker. Banda explosiva, entre o noise rock e o free jazz, a que juntava o punk hardcore e um conhecimento rico da história das raízes, mas também das margens, destas músicas. As suas canções eram curtas, agressivas, não raras vezes violentas.
A New Way To Pay Old Debts marca a estreia do guitarrista no universo acústico. Utiliza uma guitarra que tem desde criança, que se foi partindo e restaurando ao longo do tempo, ligada a um amplificador encontrado na rua nos anos 1980 e a um microfone de guitarra, inspirando-se no som de Elmore James, celebrado músico de blues eléctrico norte-americano.
Orcutt usa apenas quatro das seis cordas tradicionalmente utilizadas na guitarra, trabalhando o volume e intensidade do som e jogando com a hipersensibilidade do instrumento, tocado com fogo e ímpeto, por vezes parecendo que a sua madeira vai estalar ao ponto de estar prestes a partir-se por completo.
Para além das referências que já trazia dos Harry Pussy, o Bill Orcutt de hoje conjuga várias heranças musicais, dos delta blues de Mississipi Fred McDowell, passando por fontes aparentemente tão díspares como Derek Bailey, Glenn Gould, Cecil Taylor ou o flamenco de Ramon Montoya. Este cruzamento de tradições, ideias, vocabulários, permite-lhe construir um discurso que inclui uma série de elementos antes encarados como contraditórios segundo as normas da improvisação ou da composição instantânea.
Abraçando o atonalismo, Orcutt não deixa de ser melodicamente um músico afirmativo. Do ponto de vista rítmico trabalha de forma hipnótica, quase turbinada, sem por isso perder a capacidade de lidar com o espaço e o silêncio. A sua escrita, se assim lhe podemos chamar, é um ritual estruturado de forma tão invulgar quanto fluida, numa súmula de aglutinações técnicas e vocabulares, de onde nasce um novo e impressionante léxico musical.

THE RED KRAYOLA

Um dos  grupos mais importantes e duradouro do underground  avant-rock  The Red Krayola durou até as dores de parto da psychadelia ,  e do pós-punk.  Constante programação sempre em mudança, o principal é o  cantor / compositor / visionário Mayo Thompson, que parecia tão preocupado com a desconstrução da linguagem da música “rock” como com a verdade, expressando-se dentro dele.

Isso fez com que o catálogo se torna-se desafiante, e muitas vezes difíceis de ouvir. Inicialmente escrito Red Crayola, foi formado em Houston como um trio em 1966.  A editora Internacional  Artists, que estava construindo uma lista de bandas psicadélicas do Texas, assinou com grupo após assistir a uma das suas performances  num shopping center.
Red Krayola foi inesperadamente ressuscitado no final dos anos 70.Thompson  mudou-se para Inglaterra, onde teve um cult entre os ouvintes . Mayo nunca foi um campeão dos ideais hippie,  foi capaz de fazer a transição para a era do punk , formando novas encarnações dos Krayola  com músicos como Gina Birch [ Raincoats ] Epic Soundtracks [Swell Maps] Lora Logic [X- Ray Spex].
Mayo Thompson  junta-se aos Pere Ubu por um tempo no início dos anos 80. Sempre manteve os Red Krayola, no entanto a maioria dos seus lançamentos foram todos, inéditos  nos EUA,  só estavam disponíveis nas obscuras  importações do indie europeu.

THE RESIDENTS

THE RESIDENTS

Kari, Omar, Sierra, and Dr. Dimples wanted to form a band.  Each was surprisingly good at playing a musical instrument except for Dr. Dimples.  But he was charming and many considered him successful at imitating the vocals of currently popular music.  So Dr. Dimples became their singer.  They called themselves “The Fabulous Bleeps” and practiced all the time in hopes that someday they would get a record deal and become big stars.
Their greatest achievement before breaking up was opening for Rolling Dufflebag at the state fair.

The Residents held no band in higher reverence than the Fab Bleeps.  To them, Bleeps was a real life example of everything they did not want to be.

Jay, Randy, Bob, Carlos, John, Homer, Chuck, Hardy, and Palmer did not want to form a band.  The fact that none of them played musical instruments was one of the reasons.  The idea that they should all become singers didn’t really fly either.  However, they did want to do something that was fantastic.  The best job for people with no particular abilities but wish to be fantastic is to be an artist.  They realized that they could be the “artist” version of a “band.”

Some members would become sound artists, some would become visual artist, some would become marketing artists, some would become writers and some would become religious.  All together they would become the non-band named ….  hmmm… they had no name and to make one up seemed silly.  Who would really want to be a “Bleep” or a Rolling Dufflebag?”  Certainly not artists.  They have no name.  Just as your dog is not really named “Spot” even if you call him that.  The Residents have no name.

Like teeth as you grow old, some people fell out of the group.  First to go was Palmer, most recent to depart was Carlos.  There were others in between.  Such is life.
•••

Forty years later, Hardy and Homer still act as the business artists.  Randy, Chuck, and Bob are still out there fighting the artistic battle on stage and in other public arenas.  The Residents have recorded a lot of albums, produced award-winning films, created two video games, and much much more.

Over time, despite serious resistance, The Residents have become a band of sorts.  Sometime they think they have become frighteningly similar to The Fabulous Bleeps who they still admire for their failures.  But most of the time they know that even with The Residents’ striking lack of popularity, they can never equal The Bleeps’ staggering band-ness or blandness.  Artists rule.  Such is life.